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Community Demographics:

According to the 2000 US Census, the Asian American population in New York City grew by 71% in ten years, from 509,955 in 1999 to 872,777 in 2000. This increase far outpaced the 9% growth in the general population during the same period in New York City.
The largest Asian ethnic group in New York City was Chinese with a population of 374,321, an increase of 61% from 1990.
Out of the Asian adult population, 31% do not have a high school diploma, and 20% have less than a ninth grade education.
Nearly one-half of Chinese households in the United States are linguistically isolated, with no adults who speak English well. 62% of the elderly in Chinatown spoke English either "Not well" or "Not at all."


Of all Chinatown residents, 31% live below the poverty level, compared with 21% of all city residents.
Nearly one in four Asian American children in New York City lives in poverty. More than 77% of these children live with two parents.
24% of Asian children and 24% of Asian elderly in New York City live below the poverty line. 39% of Asian children and 39% of Asian elderly in Chinatown live below the poverty line.
In 1999, 52% of Asian American mothers who gave birth in New York City were on Medicaid, indicating low-income status.
Despite the greater extent of poverty in Chinatown, public assistance in the neighborhood was similar to that for Manhattan overall, according to the 2000 census.

Health Issues:

Health issues of special concern for Asian American immigrants include hepatitis B, tuberculosis, thalassemia, and serious mental disorders.
According to the New York City Department of Health, 60% of children born in the city who tested positive for hepatitis B were Asian Americans.
Although TB rates for New York City continued to decline during the time between 1992 to 1999, Asian Americans still have the highest case rate in New York City.
Asian immigrant teenagers are considered the most likely Americans to take up smoking, according to the US Surgeon General.
Nearly 9% of all Asian mothers in New York City receive prenatal care either late or not at all, compared to 5% of White mothers.
In New York City in 1999, suicide was one of the ten leading causes of death for Asian Americans of all ages, but was not a leading cause of death for any other racial group.
Nearly 27% of Asian Americans in the New York metropolitan area lack health insurance, compared to 13% for the rest of the population.
Emerging health care issues in China, such as increasing rates in HIV and STD infections and childhood obesity, may become issues of concern for the Chinese American immigrant community in the future.
16% of Asian Americans in New York City has diabetes, the highest rate of any racial or ethnic group.

*Data derived from the 2000 US Census and analysis by the Asian American Federation Census Information Center.